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Bac Kan is a mountainous province located in the Northeast region of Vietnam. It adjoins Cao Bang province to the north, Tuyen Quang province to the west, Lang Son province to the south-east and Thai Nguyen to the south. The province is important on economy and security-defence.

Area: 4,859.4 sq.km

Population: 298,700 people composed of 7 ethnic groups, among which Tay people are 54%, Yaos people 16.8%, Viet people 14%, Nung people 9%, Hmong people 5.5%, Hoa 0.4%, San Chay 0.3%.

Topography: Bac Kan topography can be divided into three areas:

+ The eastern area with imposing mountain ranges, relatively homogeneous, extending to Ngan Son mountain. This kind of topography is mainly favorable for forestry development.

+ The western area with high massif, mainly composed of quartz, schist, sandstone and limestone deposit on ancient crystalline rocks.

+ The central area along Cau River valley with low terrain. This is a syncline formed mainly by shale, limestone, very old calcareous clay. This type of photography is suitable for agricultural development and transportation.

Rivers:  The river system is relatively dense but mostly are in the source area with typical features: short and steep, irregular tides. Bac Kan is the source of 5 important rivers in the North-East region: Lo river, Gam river, Ky Cung river, Bang river and Cau river.

Administrative divisions: Bac Kan has 8 units divided into 1 town and 7 districts.

Climate: Bac Kan climate is tropical monsoon and humid with two distinct seasons: rainy season, hot and humid, rainy from May to October; dry season from November to April  of the following year, December  is the month with less rain.

Average annual temperature is 20-220C, low temperature at Bac Kan is -0.10C, -0.60C at Ba Be, - 20C at Ngan Son , cause frost and affect crops and domestic animals.

Overall, the province's climate is favorable for the development of agriculture, forestry along with some subtropical and temperate agricultural products. Besides advantages, Bac Kan also has a lot of difficulties due to the climate such as hoarfrost, hailstone, tornado... that affect lives and economic activities in the province .


Sights of interest

Ba Be Lakespart of Ba Be National Park, lie in the middle of a vast limestone mountain range of Ba Be district, Bac Kan province, 250 km north-west of Ha Noi.

Ba Be itself, covering some 500 hectares, is actually three small lakes joined together – Pe Lam, Pe Lu and Pe Leng. The climate is cool with an average temperature of 23oC. The best time to visit the area is during the dry season, which is during winter and spring.


Ba Be has been dubbed a "precious jade of Vietnam" with waterfalls, rivers, valleys, lakes, and caves all set amidst picturesque landscapes. The area was established as a national preserved forest and tourist center in 1978. In 1986, Ba Be was recognized as a cultural and historic heritage of the country. In 2003, Ba Be was known as an Asian heritage. On February 2nd, 2011,  Ba Be national park becomes Ramsar site of the world and the 3rd Ramsar site in Vietnam.

Ba Be Lakes are surrounded by many ancient trees, from which several varieties of precious wood are obtained. Up to 30 animal species such as wild pigs, bears, panthers, monkeys, and birds inhabit the area.

Visitors should have a stay in the mountains by the lakes, and enjoy sightseeing boat-trips, hikes, and water sports.


Pac Ngoi village: has more than 40 traditional stilt houses locating on the slope of mountain which surround Ba Be lakes. The village is inhabited by Tay people stillpreserving their antique and original house. Visitors can stay in one of the 50 - 100 year - old houses in the village when visiting Ba Ba lakes to experience daily activities of Tay ethnic group, as well as taste their food and enjoy traditional music performed by villagers. Brocade weaving is still practised by Tay women.


ATK Revolutionary Base: ATK means “Safe Zone” (in Vietnamese An Toan Khu), located at Cho Don, Bac Han province, is constructed during the revolution against the French. This complex of underground tunnels and rooms was one of the most important venues of the Vietnam Army from 1946 to 1954, where Pt Ho Chi Minh and many other leaders gathered to make vital decision involving the destiny of the nation.

Other sights of interest include: Puong cave, Hua Ma cave, Nang Tien cave, Na Phoong cave, Ba cua cave, Son Duong grotto, Kim Hy nature Reserve.


                                                    Puong Cave                                                                                      Hua Ma Cave

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