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Destinations

HOA BINH

Hoa Binh is a mountainous province of northwestern Vietnam, 73 km west of Hanoi capital, bordered by Phu Tho province on the north, Ha Nam and Ninh Binh provinces on the south, Hanoi on the east, Son La and Thanh Hoa provinces on the west. Hoa Binh is the "cradle" of a land inhabited by ancient Vietnamese with archaeological vestiges having rich and intangible cultural value, scenic spots appropriate to the development of tourism.
 
Area: 4,608.7 km2
 
Population: 799,800 inhabitants, composed of 6 ethnic groups, with a majority of Muong people (63.3%), Viet people (27.7%), Thai people (3.9%), Dao people (1.7%), Tay people (2.75), Hmong people (0.52%), Hoa people. 
 
Topography: Hoa Binh’s terrain is characterized by high mountains with a high degree of slope towards northwest - southeast. It can be divided into two distinct regions: high mountains (with average height ranging from 600 to 700 meters) located northwest and low mountains (100-200m high) in southeast.
 
Rivers: Hoa Binh province has a large number of rivers, streams, spread throughout all the districts with major rivers such as Da river, Boi river, Buoi river, Lang river. Hoa Binh has conditions to develop hydroelectricity, including the source of energy produced by Hoa Binh hydroelectric power plant built on Da river with help of Soviet Union.
 
Administrative units: 11 units (1 city, 10 districts).
 
Climate: Hoa Binh province lies in the tropical monsoon climate zone: cold in winter with less rain and hot with much rain in the summer. The average temperature is over 230C. Hoa Binh’s climate is divided into two distinctive seasons: the wet and the dry. The wet season lasts from May to the end of October. Average rainfall in the rainy season is estimated at 1,700 – 2,500 mm. The dry season begins in November and ends in April, with annual average rainfall of 150-250mm.
 
 
 
Sights of interest
 
Hoa Binh is the cradle of the traditional culture, the land of the festivities reflecting the Northern Highlands characteristics with a large variety of sighseeing spots fittable for community-based tourism, not only creating more jobs and increasing income for villagers but also contributing  to conserving and promoting unique cultural values of ethnic people as well as helping the young generation improve their awareness of culture preservation.
 
Giang Mo village, located about 10km to the west of Hoa Binh City, is known as an attractive community-based tourism destination with specific cultural values of Muong ethnic group.
Highlight creating special attraction of the village is 100 houses-on-stilts of Muong people in the valley. Along with the traditional stilt houses, Muong people in Giang Mo have preserved many ancient production tools made of natural materials (wood, bamboo…) as water supply system, rice mortars, hunting crossbow…
Currently, Giang Mo has 45 households participating in community-based tourism. These households pay attention to environmental protection: build toilets, bathrooms to fit  tourists’ demands. In 2010, the culture house of the village operated with the area of 500m2. There, Muong cultural life is reconstituted lively through unique art, cultural activities of the villagers.
 
 
 
 
Mai Chau valley, located in Hoa Binh province, about 150 km from Hanoi and 60km from Hoa Binh,  is well known for its natural beauty. The valley is the capital of the White Thai ethnic people. Everywhere, the houses-on-stilts border both sides of the roads. The Sunday market brings a lot of people into town. It is full of local products and a mass of color, sights and sounds. People from different minorities living in the nearby mountains come to Mai Chau market to sell their specific products. Mai Chau valley is a very good place for people who like to have a real homestay with local people and do some activities such as walking from village to villages or take a bike trip along the village road through the wet rice fields or simply sitting on the house-on-stilts to enjoy the peaceful and quiet atmosphere of the villages. Some homestay spots:
 
* Lac village, located in Chieng Mai commune, 1km from the town center of Mai Chau district, is home to 5 White Thai ethnic clans. Residents live by doing planting upland rice. The houses on stilts are quite large with palm leaf roofs and polished bamboo-slat floors. The kitchen is located in the center of the house; the cooking as well as the making of the colorful "tho cam", the material used by Thai minority to make their clothes, take place in the kitchen. The windows are large and decorated with patterns. Each house also has a pond to breed fish. Visitors can have a stay in one of 25 houses-on-stilts participating to the community-based tourism.
 
Pom Coong village, next to Lac village, with 64 houses-on-stilts, is more rural and ready to accept visitors who want to understand more about ethnic life, the Thai and soak into the Thai daily life, traditional dance, gong festivals, homestay and other activities…
 
  
                        Mai Chau village                                             Lac village                                         Pom Coong village
 
 
Kim Boi hot spring is a natural mineral spring located at Mo Da hamlet, Ha Bi commune, Kim Boi suburban district of Hoa Binh province, around 30 km from Hoa Binh center.
Because mineral water is deeply underground, water when ejecting is always at 36oC and 34-36oC in open air. This source of mineral water is standard enough to be used as a drink or for bath, steeping in water in order to cure the arthritis, intestine, stomach, blood pressure disease.
 
 
 
Hoa Binh hydro-electric power plant is built on Da river. It was constructed in November 1979 and took nearly 10 years to complete. The dam, with the height of 128 meters and the length of 970 meters, is now one of the largest and most important dams in Viet Nam. Power is generated by utilizing eight turbines with a capacity of 240 MW, making up the total capacity to about 1,920 MW. The annual power is approximately 8,160 GWh. The reservoir which was formed when the Da river was dammed runs through Hoa Binh's center. Right here 168 workers died during the construction of the Dam and there is now a monument to their memory at the dam site.
 
  
 
 
The Dam plays an indispensable part in flood prevention, electricity production, irrigation and transportation. This is a meaningful construction to the process of industrialization and modernization of the country. In addition, Hoa Binh Dam is a source of Vietnam tourism. Annually it attracts a quite great number of visitors joining tours in Vietnam because of the majesty and grandeur of the architecture, the surface area of which is so large that it creates an impressive complex of architecture, culture and society.
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