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Lam Dong is one of the five provinces located in the southern part of the Central Highlands, 800 - 1,000m above sea level. Lam Dong shares borders with Khanh Hoa and Ninh Thuan provinces to the east, Dong Nai province to the southwest, Binh Thuan province to the south, Binh Phuoc province to the west, Dak Lak and Dak Nong provinces to the north. Dalat, capital city of Lam Dong, is the socio-economic and administrative center lying on Langbiang plateau.
Area: 9,773.5 km2
Population: 1,218,700 inhabitants composed of 48 ethnic groups with a majority of Viet, K’Ho, Ma people.
Topography: Lam Dong has a very complex topography with plateaus, high mountains and small flat valleys creating many kinds of climates, soil, fauna and flora creating beaitiful scenes.
- In the north is a high mountainous area, Langbiang Plateau with many peaks from 1,300 - 2,000m high such as Bi Doup (2,300m) and Langbiang (2,200m).
- In the east and west are low mountains from 500 - 1,000m high.
- In the south is the transition area between Di Linh Plateau - Bao Loc and semi-plateau.
Hydrography: Lam Dong has the Dong Nai River and other abundant water sources including a dense network of streams. The province is suitable for high-yield hydropower projects. There are 73 reservoirs and 92 dams. The rivers and streams in Lam Dong are distributed rather equally with average density of 0.6km/km2 and the river bed slope is under 1%. Most rivers and streams run from northeast to southwest. Because of the mountainous and partitioned terrain, most rivers have rather small basins and many waterfalls at sources. The province’s largest river is Dong Nai River and its tributaries. Other main rivers are Da Dang River, La Nga River and Da Nhim River.
Administrative units: 12 units consisting of 2 cities (Dalat, Bao Loc) and 10 districts.
Climate: Lam Dong lies in an area affected by a tropical monsoon climate. There are two main seasons: the rainy season from May to November, the dry season from December to April. The weather is cool all year with an average temperature of 190C. Average rainfall is 1,800mm/year, and the average humidity is 85%. The climate is ideal for not only convalescing tourists but also for developing temperate-loving fauna and flora.
Location: on Langbiang Plateau, 1,500m above sea level.
Area: 394.64 km2
Population: 211,696 inhabitants (2011)
Topography: features 2 distinct aspects:
+ a mountainous region surrounding the city center: the 1,700-meter high mountain range forms  a barrier protecting the city from strong winds;
+ a flat plain on mountains top.
Climate: Da Lat's year-round temperate weather, standing in contrast to central & southern Vietnam’s otherwise-tropical climate, has led it to be nicknamed the “City of eternal spring”. The average temperature is 140C - 230C. The highest temperature ever in Da Lat was 29.80C, and the lowest was 4.30C. Mist covers the adjoining valleys almost year round. Its temperate climate also makes it ideal for agriculture. Indeed, Da Lat is renowned for its orchids, roses, vegetables, fruits and herbal medicines.There are wine-making and flower-growing industries in the region.
There are two separate seasons in Da Lat. The rainy season lasts from May to October, and the dry season is from November to April. The average annual precipitation is 1,770mm.
Sights of interest
Lying at an average height of 1,500m above sea level, with average temperature of 190C, Da Lat is a renowned convalescence and tourism spot of Vietnam for a long time. There are many kinds of tourism at Da Lat, such as sightseeing tours, convalescence tours, cultural tours, sports tours, eco-tours and conference tours.
Waterfalls, lakes: scattered all over the city center and the surrounding areas, such as: Xuan Huong lake, Valley of Love, Lake of Sighs, Pren Falls, Datanla Falls, Elephant Falls, Golden Spring Lake...
                          Xuan Huong lake                                         Valley of Love                                         Datanla Falls
The architecture of Da Lat is dominated by the style of the French colonial period: offices, colleges, churches, convents, monasteries, public monuments... and thousands of French style villas scattered all over the city.
     + Bao Dai’s summer palace: This had been the palace of King Bao Dai, the last King of Nguyen dynasty, built from 1933 to 1938. It is located on a hill with pine trees and at an elevation of 1,539m above sea level. The palace is a beautiful architecture which witnessed the history of Vietnam.
     + Tran Le Xuan palace built in 1958 with an area of 13,000m2, designed by a Japanese architect and it has a Japanese-style garden with plenty of beautiful flowers. Tran Le Xuan, popularly known as Madame Nhu, was the de facto First Lady of South Vietnam from 1955 to 1963. She was the wife of Ngo Dinh Nhu who was the brother and chief adviser to South Vietnam President Ngo Dinh Diem.
Located on a pine hill at No.2 Yet Kieu street, the palace is now the National Preservation Center 4. It is the place which stores the historical treasure: 34,555 pieces of wood-made documents of Nguyen Dynasty. Recently, it has been recognized as the World document heritage and it is in the program: Memory of the World. After the renovation and restoration in 2008, the palace became the interesting destination for tourists who want to learn more about the culture and history.
     + Dalat Railway Station: built in 1938, was designed in the Art Deco architectural style by French architects, although it incorporates the high, pointed roofs characteristic of the communal buildings of ethnic minorities from Vietnam's Central Highlands. Unused since abandonment of the railway during the later years of the Vietnam War, it was returned to a limited level of service in the 1990s with the reopening of a 7 km section of track leading to the nearby village of Trai Mat, operated as a tourist attraction.
     + Domaine de Marie Convent: is located on a hill with cherry-blossoms with an area of 12 hectares, 1 km from the city center. The unique point of this church is that its roofs are similar to the roofs of communal house of ethnic groups in Central Highlands. Behind the church, there are three blocks of modern architectural houses of “the Daughters of Charity of St Vincent”. This is a unique architecture which bears the European style of the 17th century and the traditional style of the locality.
Recent architecture
     + Truc Lam monastery: is a Zen Buddhist Pagoda in Phuong Hoang hill, 1300m above sea level. The pagoda was built in 1993 in an area of 24 hectares.
     + Thien Vuong Co Sat Pagoda: located at No 385 Khe Sanh street, was built by Chinese Buddhist monks. It was restored in 1989. The pagoda is famous for its three sandal-wood statues of Buddha, each has 4m in height and 1.5 ton in weight and they were taken from Hong Kong in 1989 by Superior Buddhist monk Tho Da.
     + Hang Nga Guest House, named Crazy House by locals, located at 3 Huynh Thuc Khang St., Ward 3, Dalat City, covering an area of 1,600m2. Is a piece of artwork that really surpasses the limit of people’s imagination. The building has non-rectilinear shapes and is designed by Vietnamese woman architect and impressionist Dang Viet Nga.
Hang Nga Guesthouse is today regarded as a “museum” of dream, childhood, abnormality... Everyone has their own interpretation of the house, as well as their own experience but all of them agree on one thing: the guesthouse is so pure and natural that they were once again lost in their childhood dream.
     + XQ Su Quan: is the historical village of hand embroidery where visitors can see workers and students hand embroidering in traditional work way.
     + Flower Park Dalat: Dalat has been known as a kingdom of flowers. Dalat Flower Park gathers hundreds of kinds of flower. It is located in Ba Huyen Thanh Quan street, in front of Xuan Huong Lake.
Dalat Flower Park was founded in 1966. Until 1985 it was upgraded and breeded more species of flowers. The Park has an area of 15 hectares which are arranged originally. It gathers over 300 kinds of flower, in which there a lot of kinds blooming all year round such as Rose, Chrysanthemum, Gladiolus, Orchid, Mimosa, etc. The most impressive is its gate in the arc shape decorated with hundreds of flowerpots.
     + Dalat Market at Hoa Binh Square is filled with local products, specially fruits, flowers and vegetables.
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